He was convicted of the Hardin killing and sentenced to five years imprisonment. HistoryNet.com contains daily features, photo galleries and over 25,000 articles originally published in our nine magazines. Four of the gang were wounded and the fifth, Cullen, killed when he picked the wrong moment to raise his head. On May 23, 1889, at the sensible age of 48, Berry married Barsha Ola Shields, the sheriffs daughter. This region is the most popular region for . In January 1901, the Supreme Court of the Territory rejected his appeal. He was executed in 1901 for attempted train robbery. If it's from Herzstein's it's correct." Sam soon found Tom, but when they talked the younger brother proved the more persuasive. Proof that the robber gang had struck no lode at Comstock was forthcoming two months later, when the gang of four stuck up westbound train No. Once again, westbound train No. Their spectacular success ought to have made them rich, but it did not. During his 21 months in captivity, Tom talked a great deal about himself, his career and other people. Henry Love, the second posseman to be wounded by Carver, was in great pain; the bullet had driven Loves skinning knife deep into his thigh. They had obtained little loot, and were soon caught. Logan committed suicide in 1904. Next day, Lay and Weaver also left Cimarron. John N. Jap Powers lived near the Atkinses. The Tom Ketchum Cave artists broke from the abstract style more common in the region to represent game animals and hunters, perhaps to ensure success in a disappearing way of life. The execution by hanging was botched; he was decapitated because the executioner used a rope that was too long. Carbon-14 atoms, because it is constantly exchanging the existence of the tom ketchum cave. They're great big holes in the earth that can go on for miles or end after several feet. Once there, Weaver was carted off to the local pesthouse as a smallpox suspect. An assortment of sheriffs posses, deputy U.S. marshals and Texas Rangers took the trail and stuck to it. It will appear on Google Drive in the near future. He saw much action over the next year or so, mostly against Cape Dutch insurgents. Whether they produced battlefield images of the dead or daguerreotype portraits of common soldiers, . The Ketchums would do better. His mother, Martha, became Mrs. Walter Causey in 1872, and Wills intermittent adoption of his stepfathers name may have been the basis for the later belief among detectives that he used Will Casey as an alias. Jack Ketchum is the pseudonym for novelist Dallas Mayr. 2 Queho. He was nursed back to health and then sent to Clayton, New Mexico Territory, for trial. By James Donahue There is something interesting occurring in our contemporary world. Scholars posit contrasting models of the ethnic identity and language / population movements of prehistoric peoples in the southwestern Great Basin and far southern Sierra Nevada. Otherwise, the state of Texas had no argument with him. He stayed with Louis and Walter Jones, who in 1904 had built a large merchandise store at Alma. Particular thanks are due to Berry Spradley, great-grandson of Samuel Ketchum, for many details of Ketchum family history, and to John Tanner for sharing information that definitely establishes Ben Clarks role as creator of the myth that Tom Ketchum was called Black Jack.. Big Booty for Texans, roared a headline in the faraway San Francisco Chronicle, leading a report from El Paso that the bandits had netted $20,000. On the night of June 8, they stole supplies from the bell storehouse, and early on the 11th they burglarized the nearby Liberty post office and store, operated by Levi and Marris Herzstein. Confidential) and Thomas Harris (The Silence of The Lambs)," and that "the only novelist working today that is writing more important fiction is Cormack McCarthy (No Country for Old Men, The Road). Thus, at age 37, Tom Ketchum-popularly, but erroneously, known as Black Jack today-took leave of life. He had a beautiful singing voice and a deep love and respect for "music when music used to be music." Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Print length 128 pages Language English Publisher Image Comics Publication date July 5, 2016 James Ketchum and a kinsman were among a party robbed and murdered by Kickapoo Indians in 1867. The next day, a posse consisting of Sheriff Ed Farr of Huerfano County, Colorado, Special Agent W.H. Butch Cassidy and his closest friend and ally, William Ellsworth Elzy Lay, came down from Wyoming late in 1898 and, as Jim Lowe and Beill McGinnis, were hired by Bob Johnson, foreman of the Erie outfit in Cochise County, Ariz. The outlaw rides to a spot on the Colorado & Southern Railroad tracks, hitches his horses, builds a fire and starts walking toward Folsom. The information that eventually found its way to Governor Miguel Otero may have been as authoritative as any audit. But Tom Ketchum was the real thing; a true marksman. Ansto expert in the methods and purple images, or cave and past civilizations. , Ketchum's last words were reported by the San Francisco Chronicle as: "Good-bye. Tom August 16, 1899 Camped in a cave, two miles south of Folsom, New Mexico, Tom Ketchum waits until dark, then mounts up He leads a pack horse carrying his safe-blowing kit. These factors created a situation that Mrs. Tom and Sam faded into Arizona Territory, where they may have rejoined Carver and Atkins. Recent interpretations of rock art have often focused on these images as a somewhat exclusive record of shamanic experiences. Yet, clearly, the man with the Winchester was on the edge of his temper. It must have considerably eased his journey through the next few years, but at the time of his death in 1934 he was not well off. Archaeological data support the hypothesis that pre-Numic occupations exhibit cultural continuity from the Newberry Period (1500 B.C.- A.D. 600) into the early Haiwee interval (A.D. 600-1000). This article describes a distinctive rock-art site in the Pedregosa Mountains of southeast Arizona. Even before the loads tore into hi right arm, just above the elbow, Tom was throwing his aim from Drew to Harrington, but he was an instant too slow. Smith, the wounded posseman, then departed to summon help from Cimarron. Plot Tom Sawyer and his half-brother Sid are on their way to school when they see Huckleberry Finn fishing. An analysis of the Tom Ketchum Cave pictographs provides information about their style, cultural affiliation, and function. ng Hong tuy khng ni ra nhng c nghi ng v ngoi tnh. At Carvers urging, emphasized by a few shots from his carbine, messenger Hamil Scott opened the car door. The union produced a boy and a girl, but it did not endure. This interpretation, if valid, provides further support for Coso rock art as a manifestation of a hunting religion complex. Wingfield was killed because he happened to be there; he was working upstairs on the company books and rushed down to inquire into the cause of the commotion. It was decided that a drop of 5 feet 9 inches would suit a man of Ketchums weight-193 pounds. Caves aren't known for being glamorous, tidy, or even particularly safe. Like the other three, he worked as a cowboy, both locally and in New Mexico; unlike them, he never minded labor in the fields: sowing, reaping, and gathering crops or mowing hay. He was born July 27th, 1947, in Springfield, IL to the late . He served in the United States Marine Corp as an Aerial Photographer from 1968-1972. He lacked no more than an inch of Toms height and was, to cattleman Jack Culley, the finest figure of a man in my recollection. He was, said Atkins, as fine a man as could be.. Thomas Edward Ketchum (known as Black Jack; October 31, 1863 - April 26, 1901) was an American cowboy who later became an outlaw. The date was April 8, 1901. He lied, or was mistaken; he had done better, better, except from Ketchums viewpoint-he had cut the airhose, thereby locking the brakes on all the passenger coaches and irretrievably wrecking the bandits plan. Lacking prior experience in this field, he consulted widely, but not wisely. He inherited the gift of music from his father and loved performing as a drummer in his band, Mogen David and the Grapes of Wrath. Laura herself had been badly let down by the selfish promiscuity of a mother, Fereby Bullion, who had twice thrown Laura and her brother upon the goodwill of Ferebys own parents, the Bylers. The fact that a number of $10 bills were left behind, along with some jewelry, suggests that the last figure is too low. t nhau full hd khng che tnhaufullhdkhThi gian sau ny b Tm cng ngy cng p ra, ti vui, tr trung y sc sng. So we organized the bags like this: 1234.1.1 1234.1.2 1234.1.3 and so on until the next middle number. The first movie was a solid, but unremarkable outing that barely made an impact at the box office. It might also be relevant that he had once lived in Texas, though that is rather like saying that the needle was somewhere in the haystack. Lewis, Mark Twain and Flannery O'Connor. However, an epoch, a. Sam Ketchum heard nothing of this. Similarly, in their seminal work Grant et al. Louisa remarried, but Sam never did; his life for the most of the next 16 years was that of an itinerant cowhand. The first number on the bags is like a form for five digit number followed by a dash and then another number and then another dash and another number. He was also, in the judgment of Dave Atkins, who rode and robbed with Tom and Sam in the 1890s, and who was himself a murderer, a very brutal man., Sam, quite unlike his brother, was fair complexioned and freckled, with reddish-blond hair. A.D. 600). But, since trains were still running and express cars were still carrying money, there was an obvious remedy. So did Wills uncle, Richard T. Carver, most lately a resident of Uvalde County but originally from Missouri. They and Sam then grabbed the station agent, Charles E. St. John, and ransacked the premises of express and railroad company funds, inflating their haul by a further $2.20. Previously, Tom was the Founder at ProspectWorks. As Powers entered his horse pasture, several men with rifles used his back for target practice. 20 was the object of their attentions, but the spotlight had shifted back to Texas and the Galveston, Harrisonburg & San Antonio. After breaking with the Ketchum Gang in 1898, David Atkins went north. Years later, Joyce maintained that the booty amounted to only $6,000, mostly in Mexican silver. But when, on May 25, 1896, that investigation at last reached Mrs. But Dave did not turn out to be a very good husband, or much of a father to the baby girl who soon came along. His brother Sam, however, got shot in the attempted robbery and was subsequently captured, but died two weeks later in prison. After an interval of sightseeing, he returned to the United States. If Rogers meant to arm himself, he came nowhere near doing it, for Ketchum shot him in the back. He did not tread carefully. North American Rock Art. tom bean whitewright truecompass lending corp kountze mortgage lending solutions, inc. 1st alliance mortgage, llc A bad life was about to end for a bad reason. At 11:30 local time on Thursday, April 28, 1898, as the train was picking up speed out of Comstock, two intruders entered the locomotive cab and ordered engineer Walter Jordan to bring her to a halt. Powers was shot down on December 12, 1895, by several men including Black Jack. Carver, however, had done no great wrong; perhaps he was merely sickened by adversity and desperate for a change of luck. in Santa Fe. Carver eluded the posse. Nine peripatetic years followed, during which he lived in Mexico, British Honduras, and various other countries in Central and South America. Early the next evening, the 16th, a seven-man federal posse, guided by the rising smoke of the bandits campfire, came up unnoticed to within easy shooting range. That, at any rate, is likely to have been what was meant to happen. 2 Earth Crack No. The family was working hard and doing well, but their fortunes began to dip not long after the birth of the last addition to the family, Thomas Edward, on October 31,1863. In Oteros submission, a botched train hold up in New Mexico was a greater crime than a double murder in Arizona. Later that month, Lay and Carver were together in the same town for nearly a week. The advice was ignored, though Tom Ketchums departure may have removed much of its point. The train was stopped at the next cut, where Atkins had snipped the telegraph wires and was waiting with the horses and dynamite. Their take was $9. He was wrong. Will Carver was born in Comanche County, Texas, in September 1868, but was hardly more than a baby when he lost his father through desertion. He left his horse where it was picketed and took the safer way out-over the top of the mountain, and perforce afoot. Arizona Caver, vol.4, nos.5-6, 1967, p.41. Nominal leader of the posse was Deputy U.S. Their first child, Elizabeth, was born about a year before the family left Illinois. After a further bout of furious effort, Scanlon told Ketchum that he had at last got the cars unhooked. In the first robbery at Twin Mountains-and, as he would learn, in the second-the gang had not uncoupled the express car from the passenger coaches, because a man or two could be spared to prevent interference from the coaches. He was also a neighbor of Berry Ketchum. Read more Article Atkins absconded early in 1901, intending to join the British army in South Africa for the war against the Boer Republics of Transvaal and Orange Free State. Moore's book is filled with cool visuals and snappy dialogue, with villains who know they . These variations in hunter-gatherer adaptation may indicate culturally distinct, sequential populations pursuing varying subsistence-settlement strategies rather than an in-situ cultural tradition responding to environmental change. Lay and Weaver quit the WS at about that same time, their last service being to oversee the transfer of a trainload of cattle to Springer, the railhead close to the WSs new northern headquarters. Tom Ketchum Cave (Other Keyword) 1-1 (1 Record) Dating Tom Ketchum: the Role of Chronometric Determinations in Rock Art Analysis (1992) DOCUMENT Citation Only Mary M. Farrell. The essence of the rest is soon told. They seemed to have harbored no thoughts ofsettling down. Marriage, which Sam had tried without much success, was something that Tom-so gossip charged-avoided by the traditional means, as in the instance where (it was alleged) he impregnated one woman who was already married to someone else. The article argues that the preponderance of Coso images are conventionalized iconography associated with a sheep cult ceremonial complex. Here are a few: a "battle language" that changes reality. In his charge was well over $5,000 in currency-enough, Tom reckoned, to see him aboard a ship for South America. he lay down by the track to wait for the first northbound train and for the posse that would be on it. Queho was an enigmatic figure who wavered between serial killer, boogeyman, and scapegoat. Rhodes Reason played Ketchum in a 1959 episode of the American Western television series Frontier Doctor. Fearing the law, they closed their joint saloon and gambling venture in San Angelo, and hit the outlaw trail. But Lay had been told where to find the hoard, and it passed into his possession shortly after his reappearance in Alma in the last days of 1905. On the other hand, not only had they been sheltering the Ketchum Gang, they knew exactly who they were, what they were, and what they were going to do. (Some researchers say that it was another outlaw, Harvey Logan, who did the shooting and that Carver had left the canyon earlier-see Gunfighters and Lawmen in the June 1999 Wild West.) A review of existing evidence suggests that this view is incorrect; we propose an alternative notion of important . Fifty-eight thousand dollars of Folsom loot remained underground. Berry, at any rate, seems never to have looked back. 335-356) Jeffery F. Burton https://www.jstor.org/stable/30247725 xml Clay Residue on Polishing Stones Clay Residue on Polishing Stones (pp. Author(s): Jeffery F. Burton. The result was beyond controversy: Levi and a companion, Merejildo Gallegos, were killed. Everything worked nicely and in perfect order. Like many of the others present, the sheriff probably was not lastingly discomforted by the horrifying spectacle of butchery that had been enacted before his eyes. Shortly after 6 p.m. on Thursday, December 9, 1897, Dave Atkins and a man known locally as Edward H. Cullen held up the post office in the nearby village of Steins. If the sheriff-or Deputy Marshal Elliott, who fired a few moments later from another angle-shouted any command to surrender, they gave Lay no time to react to it. Leaving Cullen where he lay, the band slunk back to Texas Canyon to patch themselves up and exchange recriminations. Also, the longitude/latitude coordinates are given for the caves that are shown on the maps. Tom stood 5 foot 11 (nearly 6 inches taller than the average male of that era) and, in prime condition, weighed 180 pounds. This is memorialized by the inscription on a shoe brush: "Herzstein's Clayton, New Mexico -- Dalhart, Texas. Early the next evening, a Sunday, a seven-man federal posse, guided by the rising smoke of the bandits campfire, and further assisted by the crowning folly of the hunted men in not posting a lookout, came up unnoticed to within easy shooting range. The outcome was that Sam joined Tom, Will, Dave and possibly a man known as Charles Collings in holding up a train on Twin Mountains bend, between Folsom and Des Moines, New Mexico Territory. In addition to hosting hundreds of weddings, parties and events, he also brought in numerous Big Bands for Sunday afternoon dances and hosted bi-weekly line dancing nights. Fortunately for him, his wounds, though they had cost him a lot of blood, were clean through and through. They had almost healed when-over breakfast on the morning of August 16-he was captured on Lusks ranch at Chimney Wells, near Carlsbad, N.M. Tom was with Berry. A few weeks after the war ended on May 31, 1902, Atkins took ship for Southampton, England. Best Match AGE 70s Thomas G Ketchum Kenosha, WI Phone Number Address Background Report Addresses 7th St, Kenosha, WI Lancaster Ct, Saline, MI 31st Ave, Kenosha, WI Duker Haugh Funeral Home will oversee arrangements. The ensuing explosion sent the way safe soaring through the roof of the car and into the night sky. He was probably Bruce Red Weaver, who hailed from the same section of Texas as the rest of the gang. Toms mood swings were becoming wilder and ever more unpredictable, until the day arrived when even Sam could stand no more of him. He worked as a cowboy in the Pecos River Valley of New Mexico, where by 1894, his older brother, Sam Ketchum, had joined him. By late 1895, outlaw Harvey "Kid Curry" Logan and his brother Lonnie Curry were members of Black Jack's gang. He was buried in the Odd Fellows rest Cemetery, now the Fairview Cemetery on Cerrillos Rd. Occasionally they were seen in southern Colorado and, at least once, as far north as Hole-in-the-Wall, Wyoming. The likely gain to the robbers was something between $2,000 and $3,500 in cash, plus jewelry and a consignment of silver spoons. Evidently his first duty was to place the stolen money in a temporary cache: after the posses had given up and gone home, he would rendezvous with the trio from Turkey Canyon, and the plunder would be divided. Later, the law was found to be unconstitutional. Drew was ordered to the ground and told to hold a lantern while fireman Tom Scanlon struggled with the locked couplings. Their first major robbery took place in Liberty, New Mexico, where they robbed a general store and post office. ". Distributions of obsidian hydration rim measurements indicate a continuous prehistoric cultural sequence. On the evening of July 7, he and Carver bought supplies in Cimarron and cached them in Turkey Canyon. First, they made themselves too conspicuous in Cimarron. Ketchum was sentenced to hang on March 22, but two postponements pushed the date to April 26. Romance, of a sort, was provided by Vianas niece, Laura Bullion, a precocious 15-year-old; but Carver never proposed and probably never considered marriage to her, though their association did not end when Laura became an inmate of one of San Antonios many brothels. Firm Honored with Esteemed National Recognition that Celebrates Exceptional Workplace Environments NEW YORK - December 13, 2022 - Leading global. --The human race is recklessly polluting the air, water and land and using up the planet's natural resources so completely that it appears we are heading for an early extinction. Sam Ketchum escaped, but was found a few days later by Special Agent Reno at the home of a rancher, where he was arrested. The clicking cameras mounted beside the stockade snapped again and the ghastly scene was captured for all time: There, held on its side by a doctor and a deputy sheriff, was the body of Thomas Ketchum, and there, in the bloodied black hood held in place by horse-blanket pins, was Ketchums severed head. Later at a gun . At 10:10 p.m. on Tuesday, July 11, Sam Ketchum and Elzy Lay slipped aboard the blind end of the baggage car while the engine was taking on water at Folsom. Under the urging of Ketchums Winchester, engineer Joseph Kirchgrabber halted the train on the bend, some four miles south of Folsom. By on November 6, 2020. Ketchum was ignorant of one crucial operational detail: The Miller hook, the old-fashioned coupling device still in use with the Colorado & Southern, would lock whenever the train entered a curve, thus binding the cars together. Even in his worst moments, though, he could not have envied Tom Ketchum his fate. The execution by hanging was botched; he was decapitated because the executioner used a rope that was too long. He believed, rightly, that Lays trial had been handled unfairly; and, wrongly, that Lay had fired no shots in the Turkey Canyon fight. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 26(2): 217241. Within six months, Mrs. But Berry was doing well. On October 10, 1899, under his assumed name of William H. McGinnis, Elzy Lay was sentenced to life imprisonment for second-degree murder. In the spring of 1896, Carver and Atkins were in Arizona. It was a bad and hard way to die, but Ketchum, manifestly, had been a bad and hard man. The Sierra Nevada crest and the southwestern Great Basin, in contrast, witnessed significant subsistence-settlement changes at the beginning of the Haiwee Period (ca.A.D. Tom was a man who would give you his last dollar and the shirt off his back, but never expected anything in return. April 26, 1901 Where did Tom Ketchum die? Tom Ketchum - President - NBD Marketing | ZoomInfo President at NBD Marketing Tom Ketchum is the President at NBD Marketing based in North Fremantle, Western Australia. Only Collings was arrested; his trial late in 1898 produced an acquittal. He was captured and taken to Santa Fe, where his wound was treated. Another posse scoured the hills and hollows of Tom Green County. His widow, Tempa, followed him to the grave in 1873. cave creek castro valley pico rivera chatsworth murrieta santa maria trinity tulare laurel homosassa lake worth . The caves are listed alphabetically in the index. Three of the train robberies that the gang committed were near the same location, between Folsom and Des Moines, New Mexico Territory. Burton, J. F. (1988). If you stopped by his office, you could find him tapping his fingers on the desk along to bands like Earth Wind and Fire, Tower of Power, Huey Lewis, funk, rock, country or gospel. Not only will his family miss his guidance and quick wit, but his presence will be missed by the entire bowling community and many others throughout the city of Quincy. But on this slenderest of evidence rests the only plausible explanation for the murder of Roger: that it sprang from some prior difficulty between the two men. History is who we are and why we are the way we are.. At 1:50 a.m. on Friday, May 14, 1897, as westbound train No. They reverted to the methods tried at Steins Pass, stopping the train with a red light signal and track where the passenger coaches were unhooked, the express car pulled ahead and the safe blown. Five years later, in court, Tom Ketchum himself said so, absolving Upshaw but admitting his own part and implicating others. Six men were arrested in or near Texas Canyon in connection with the Steins Pass case. We can only report that the story circulated in Toms own lifetime. It can be less than an hour, a few hours, a day, and even 2wks depending on how egregiously often you disconnect from matches. 3 near Stanton, Texas. Already, at 16, he was becoming set in defiance of authority. While there, Carver, giving his name as G.W. You can send your sympathy in the guestbook provided and share it with the family. The descriptions of the robbers, such as they were-a large man with a German accent and three small men-were nothing like those of the known members of the Ketchum Gang. Description of the design motifs, environmental setting, and artifacts provides information for tentative interpretations regarding cultural affiliation, function, and age of the pictographs. Tom Ketchum Cave Caves in Coconino County, Arizona Basalt Cave Buffalo Crack Cave of the Domes Cheyava Falls Cave Dangling Flake Fissure Earth Crack Earth Crack No. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Thomas "Tom" Joseph Ketchum left our world surrounded by his loving family and was welcomed at the gates of heaven on January 5th, 2023. Weaver secreted the swag but was arrested soon after ward; while the other three, far from being secure in Turkey Canyon, were trapped there without knowing it. Ketchums damaged right forearm was amputated on September 3. Embodiment, transformation and ideology in the rock art of Trans-Pecos Texas. Head of the party was Peter Ketchum, 50 years old and originally from Virginia but successively a resident of Tennessee, Alabama and Illinois. Toms resentment is a matter of record; whether, or how far, his attitude was justified is something we cannot know. They were all thieves and smugglers, but none had participated in the holdup of the post office, station or train. One of these sites, Tom Ketchum Cave, contains over 200 black zoomorphic, anthropomorphic, and other elements and is one of the most elaborate rock-art sites recorded in southeastern Arizona. This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. This article was written by Jeffrey Burton and originally appeared in the February 2002 issue of Wild West. Gurul said he had been struck by a .30-30 bullet that knocked him off his horse. https://www.historynet.com/tom-ketchum-and-his-gang/, Jerrie Mock: Record-Breaking American Female Pilot, Ansel Adams Hauntingly Beautiful Images: Photographing the Despair of Japanese-American Internment, Turmoil in Richmond: Joe Johnston, Jefferson Davis Command Alliance Was Doomed From the Start. But chronological control, essential to distinguishing functional or social differences from temporal differences, has been difficult to establish. Only Atkins would live out a full span of years. But events supervened. Family and friends must say goodbye to their beloved Thomas J. Ketchum (Quincy, Illinois), born in Springfield, Illinois, who passed away at the age of 75, on January 5, 2023. Among the residents of Cimarron who had been suspicious of the four strangers was freighter James Morgan, nicknamed Billy, who saw the three men turn into Turkey Canyon on July 15. 600). The most comprehensive and authoritative history site on the Internet. On March 20, 1897, he drank himself into a jealous rage against Tom Hardin, a young storekeeper who had once bested him in a fight. At 5600 feet elevation, the rockshelter is several hundred feet above the narrow drainage bottom, where exposed bedrock forms small tinajas. From the Outside Looking In: An Examination of Four Rock Art Sites on the Northern Periphery of the Coso Mountains, Rock Art on the Kaibab Plateau: Applying Legacy Data to Heritage Management (thesis summary), Rock Art on the Kaibab Plateau: Applying Legacy Data to Heritage Management, Revised and Updated: Paradigm Shifts, Rock Art Studies, and the Coso Sheep Cult of Eastern California, Material Evidence of Immigrant Diversity within the Perry Mesa Tradition, Central Arizona, Sex and the Salt Road: Interpretation of a West Texas Pictograph, Updated and Revised Culture Crisis and Rock Art Intensification: Numic Ghost Dance Paintings and Coso Representational Petroglyphs, Late Pueblo Iconography in Petrified Forest Rock Art: Implications for the Origin and Development of the Kachina Cult, Rock Art of the Southeastern Arizona Sky Islands: Eighty Sites on the Coronado National Forest, Dating Tom Ketchum: The Role of Chronometric Determinations in Rock Art Analysis, Ritual Change and the Distant: Mesoamerican Iconography, Scarlet Macaws, and Great Kivas in the Mimbres Region of Southwestern New Mexico, UNDER EVERY ROCK: Archeological Reconnaissance in the Black Mountains and Red Hills of Hudspeth County, Texas, MRES Thesis: The Fluteplayer of Chaco Canyon. 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